Terminology

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Revision as of 05:34, 5 August 2007 by Detlev (talk | contribs) (Charting)
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Charting

Genealogical charting takes many forms from graphical displays to simple lists. Genealogists use a variety of charts to record, verify and publish data collected for each individual in a family. Geni incorporates aspects of various genealogical charting systems in a new graphical interface, the geni tree, while providing easy access to commonly used lists.

Ahnentafel or Sosa-Stradonitz System

Ahnentafel is a German term meaning "Geneological table" and refers to one of several numbering systems used to record individuals on a pedigree chart or in list form. Each individual is numbered based on their relation to the descendant, with the descendant being No. 1. All male ancestors are numbered evenly while all female ancestors are numbered oddly; the father being twice that of the descendant of each generation and the mother being twice that of the descendant of each generation, plus one.

Example

  1. Descendant
  2. Father
  3. Mother
  4. Paternal grandfather (father's father)
  5. Paternal grandmother (father's mother)
  6. Maternal grandfather (mother's father)
  7. Maternal grandmother (mother's mother)

Ancestral chart

A chart depicting an individual and their direct ancestors usually including dates and locations of birth, marriage, and death. Also known as a pedigree chart.

Example

Ancestral Chart

Descendant chart

A table of a particular individual's descendants.

Family tree

A version of the pedigree chart including all ancestors.

Data collection

Vital records 
Records of life events kept under governmental authority, including birth certificates, marriage licenses, and death certificates.

Family history

Lineage 
An individual's or group's line of descent from an ancestor.
Pedigree 
A history or background of an individual showing their heritage or class distinction.

Names

Given name 
Maiden name 
Surname 

Relations

Ancestor 
A person from whom one is descended.
Cousin 
Descendant 
Parent 
Partner 
Progenitor 
A parent or ancestor; the originator of a line; the earliest proven ancestor; the person from which all descendants originate.
Sibling 
Sire 
A biological father or male ancestor.
Spouse 
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