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Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország), is a landlocked country in the Carpathian Basin of Central Europe, bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia. Its capital is Budapest. Hungary has been a member state of the European Union since May 1 2004.


Hungarian (magyar nyelv) is a Finno-Ugric language (more specifically an Ugric language) unrelated to most other languages in Europe. The Hungarian name for the language is magyar [ˈmɒɟɒr].

There are about 13 million native speakers, of whom 9.5-10 million live in modern-day Hungary. Some two million speakers live in areas that were part of the Kingdom of Hungary before World War I. Of these, the largest group live in Romania, where there are approximately 1.4 million Hungarians. Hungarian-speaking people are also to be found in Slovakia, Serbia, Ukraine, Croatia, Austria, and Slovenia, as well as about a million people scattered in other parts of the world.

Hungarian is written using a variant of the Latin alphabet, and has a phonemic orthography. In addition to the standard letters of the Latin alphabet, Hungarian uses several additional letters. These include letters with acute accents á, é, í, ó, ú which represent long vowels, umlauts ö and ü and their long counterparts ő and ű. Sometimes (usually as a result of a technical glitch) ô or õ is used for ő and û for ű, due to the limitations of the Latin-1 / ISO-8859-1 code page, though these are not part of the Hungarian language, and are considered misprints. Hungarian can be properly represented with the Latin-2 / ISO-8859-2 code page, but this is not always available. (Hungarian is the only language using both ő and ű.)

Most Hungarians are not fluent in English, but it is very common to be taught in elementary and high school as a second language.


Hungarian names use the eastern name order, in which family name is followed by given name. Hungary is the only European country to do so. So the terms "first name" and "last name" are potentially confusing and should be avoided, as they do not in this case denote the given and family names respectively.

Hungarian names are usually "switched" when individuals that have such names are mentioned in media in Western countries; for instance, Puskás Ferenc is known as Ferenc Puskás in English.

When Hungary was under Habsburg rule and became influenced by Western European traditions, women became known by their husbands' names, e.g. Szendrey Júlia, marrying Petőfi Sándor, became Petőfi Sándorné (the -né suffix approximately means "wife of", this is the Hungarian equivalent of "Mrs. John Smith"). This was both the law and the tradition until the 1950s. During the Communist era of Hungary, great emphasis was put upon the equality of women and men, and from that time women could either choose to keep their birth names or took that of their husbands in the aforementioned form.

Currently, the alternatives for a woman when she marries are the following (using the example of Szendrey Júlia and Petőfi Sándor – Júlia and Sándor are their given names, respectively):

  • Júlia can keep her birth name Szendrey Júlia (now popular, especially among more educated women)
  • Júlia gives up her name, adds the suffix -né to her husband's full name, and will be called Petőfi Sándorné (rare among young brides)
  • Júlia adds the suffix -né to her husband's family name, adds her full name and will be called Petőfiné Szendrey Júlia (rare among young brides)
  • Júlia adds the suffix -né to her husband's full name, adds her full name and will be called Petőfi Sándorné Szendrey Júlia (rare among young brides)
  • Júlia takes her husband's family name, keeps her given name and will be called Petőfi Júlia (the Western custom – most popular)

Since January 1, 2004 there is one more possibility: the hyphenation of names; also, now men can take their wives' surname. Thus Júlia can become either Petőfi-Szendrey Júlia or Szendrey-Petőfi Júlia while Sándor either keeps his own name or hyphenates in either order. Changing names to each other's names (e.g. Petőfi Sándor and Szendrey Júlia become Szendrey Sándor and Petőfi Júlia) is not allowed. The law that one can have a maximum of two last names still applies, if one or both of the partners already have a hyphenated name, they have to choose a maximum of two names or keep their birth names.

Both the bride and the groom has to declare before the wedding which name will they use; also, they have to declare which surname will their children get (this can be changed up till the birth of their first child). Children can get either parent's surname if that parent kept her or his surname in the marriage, but children born in the same marriage must have the same surname. Since 2004 they can also get a hyphenated name, but only if both parents kept their birth names at least as a part of their new name. Currently children usually get their father's surname; hyphenating names is a rising trend. The marriage of same sex partners is still not allowed in Hungary, so they cannot legally use each other's names, unless going through the formal name change process.

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Geni Translation

Geni Logo

Everyone's related	Mindenki rokonod

Geni headers

Welcome 		Hogysmint
Logout			Kijelentkezés
Settings		Beállítások
Invite			Meghívás
Help			Segítség
Search name or email	Keress nevet vagy emailt
Go			Keress

Geni footers

Privacy			Adatvédelem
Forum			Fórum
Blog			Blog
Jobs			Munkahelyek
Safety			Biztonság
Terms			Feltételek
Help			Segítség

Geni Tabs Headers

My tree			Családfám
My Profile		Profilom
Photos			Képek
Inbox			Postaláda

Geni SubTabs Headers

My tree (Családfa)

Tree			Családfa
List			Lista
Index			Index
Calendar 		Naptár
Map			Térkép
Discussion		Beszélgetés

Photos (Képek)

Family Albums		Családi albumok        
My Albums		Albumaim
Albums I'm In		
Photos of Me		Képek rólam
My Favorites		Kedvenceim

Inbox (Postaláda)

Messages		Üzenetek
Inbox			Postaláda
Saved			Elmentett
Sent			Elküldött

Geni Actions

Add another		
save & close		Mentés és bezárás
save & continue	Mentés és folytatás	
or 			vagy
Cancel			Mégse
Everyone's related	Alle er i familie

Geni headers

Welcome 		Velkommen
Logout			Log ud
Settings		Indstillinger
Invite			Inviter
Help			Hjælp
search name or email	Søg navn eller email
go			Gå
Build your tree with your address book 	Lav dit træ ud fra din adressebog

Geni footers

About			Om
Privacy			Personlige oplysninger
Forum			Forum
Blog			Blog
Press			Presse
Jobs			Jobs
Safety			Sikkerhed
Terms			Vilkår for brug
Help			Hjælp

Geni Tabs Headers

My tree			Mit træ
My Profile		Min Profil
Photos			Billeder
Inbox			Indbakke

Geni SubTabs Headers

My tree (Mit træ)

View as Tree		Vis som træ
List			Liste
Index			Indeks
Calendar 		Kalender
Map			Verdenskort
Discussion		Diskussion

Photos (Billeder)

Recent Albums		Nylige album        
My Albums		Mine album
Albums I'm In		Album jeg er i
Photos of Me		Billeder af mig
My Favorites		Mine favoritter

Inbox (Indbakke)

Messages		Beskeder
Inbox			Indbakke
Requests		Forespørgsler
Saved			Gemt
Sent			Sendt

Geni Actions

Add another		Tilføj ny
save & close		gem og luk
save & continue		gem og fortsæt
or 			eller
Cancel			Annuller

My Profile

This is you				Ez te vagy
View your profile as others see it	Nézd meg a profilodat ahogy mások látják
Your Profile is			A profilod
% Complete			% befejezett
Add your schools		Melyik iskolába jártál?
Add someone to your tree	Adjál valakit a családfához
Edit your profile		Egészítsd profilodat
Add or View Photos		Tegyél vagy nézzd képekeit
View Tree			Családfája
View List			Listája
Edit Profile			Módosítsd profilját

User Stats ()

view tree awards		látsd családfa díjakat
People in My Tree		Személyek a családfámban
Blood Relatives			Vérrokonok
Ancestor			Előd
Ancestors			Elődök
Family Friends			Családi ismerősök
Added by Me			
Invited by Me
Descendant			Leszármazott
Descendants			Leszármazottak
Photo Added			
Photos Added			


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