Where did the English Haydock family come from?
Many Anglo-Saxon 'habitation names' were derived from the name of a farmsteads, parish, village or town. When the village of Haydock was part of the parish of Winwick in Lancashire, it seems the name became commonly used as a surname.
Another source (1) says that the name Haydock seems to be of Celtic origin and, in the language of that time, meant “barley place” or “the place where barley is grown”. In the 12th Century Haydock was known as Heidoc (Heidd being barley).
Some pronounce it as "Haddock"; spelling variations include Haydock, Haddock, Haddix and Hadock. Haddix is a derivation from Haddock.
Haddock is “from a medieval survival with added initial H- of the Old English personal name Ædduc, a diminutive of Æddi, itself a short form of various compound names with the first element ead ‘prosperity’, ‘fortune’. Habitational name from Haydock near Liverpool, which is probably named from Welsh heiddog ‘characterized by barley’.” Also “from Middle English hadduc ‘haddock’, hence a metonymic occupational name for a fisherman or fish seller, or a nickname for someone supposedly resembling the fish.”
Sources for the above paragraph: Haddix Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-508137-4 http://landing.ancestry.com/learn/clues/fact.aspx?html=freetrial&sourcecode=17397&o_xid=0031936496&o_lid=0031936496&o_xt=31936496&fid=10&fn=&ln=haddix Haddock Dictionary of American Family Names, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-508137-4 http://landing.ancestry.com/learn/clues/fact.aspx?fid=10&ln=Haddock&fn=&yr=&html=freetrial&sourcecode=17397&o_xid=0031936496&o_lid=0031936496&o_xt=31936496
So the name appears first in Lancashire, some say well before the William the Conqueror and the Norman Conquest arrived at Hastings in 1066 A.D.
Records of early North American families shows a number of immigrants bearing the name Haydock or a variation listed above. Included are Henry Haddock who settled in New England in 1805; William Haddock settled in New England in 1740; Henry, James, and Joseph Haddock arrived in Philadelphia between 1805 and 1840.
Noteworthy people of the name Haydock include:
- Roger Haydock, Ph.D., Professor of Physics at the University of Oregon.
- Ron Haydock (1940-1977), American actor, screenwriter, novelist and rock musician
- Mary Reibey (nee Haydock):
Mary Haydock, born in Bury, Lancashire in 1777, was sentenced in 1790 to seven years for horse stealing and transported to Australia in chains in 1792. She married Thomas Reibey in 1794, and expanded their business activities after his death in 1811 until her's in 1855. Her occupations officially start at age 13 as convict, then general merchant, landowner, publican, shipowner and trader. As reward for starting the first bank in Australia, the Bank of New South Wales, she has occupied a proud place on the Australian $20 note.
Mary's fascinating life and times are described at: http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A020327b.htm http://www.rba.gov.au/CurrencyNotes/NotesInCirculation/bio_mary_reibey.html
The town of Haydock
It is generally accepted that it was named after the first landholders, the de Haydock (Eydock) family, who settled there in the 12th century.
An extract from Baines' Book of Lancashire follows:
The Manor of HAYDOCK was held in moieties by the families of Holland and Haydock. Of the latter. the first who occurs is Hugh de Eydock, one of' the jurors on the Gascon Sutage for West Derbyshire. one who held in drengage one carucate of land of the ancient feofment. In Edward II., John de Langton, first baron of Newton of that name, was lord paramount of Haydock. Sir Robert de Holand who held under him appears to have been to temporarily deprived during the commotions occasioned by the barons’ war under Thomas, earl of Lancashire. It has already been mentioned that an attempt was made to recover his estate by force. Gilbert. the descendant of Hughe de Eydock, held for the prior and convent of Burscough, a variety of messuage and the land, among which was half the town of Haydock, but the manors of West Derby, Lathom, and Haydok to the same Gilbert, who Edward III (1344) had a license for imparking Haydok, and for free warren in Bradele. From this feudal proprietor descended Sir Gilbert de Haydock, whose daughter and heiress married Sir Peter Legh of Lyme, from whom descended the present Lord of the Manor, W. J. Legh, Esq.
With a population of around 18,000 people, it is found in the heart of the Lancashire coalfields, where hard, dirty work and unions were its staples. Since the mines closed in the 1960's, main industries are now logistics and distribution. The most famous horse racing track in the NW of England in Haydock Park Racecourse (Web: http://www.haydock-park.co.uk); other sport in the area includes the local rugby team, the Saints.
In 1974, when parts of Lancashire and Cheshire were removed and the counties of Merseyside and Greater Manchester were created, Haydock became part of the metropolitan borough of St Helens in Merseyside.
The town of Haydock has long had a nickname - Yick - which has given rise to a formerly derogatory name used for the locals - Yickers - a term used for locals who were considered not too bright. These days Haydock locals, especially the football fans, embrace the name, and their main liquor store is called The Thirsty Yicker. Source: (2)
Situated at the intersection of the M6 and A580 (East Lancashire Rd), Haydock is just over 30km (18.6mi) from Manchester and Liverpool and is a regional road transport hub. The nearest international airports are at Liverpool and Manchester. The nearest mainline train station is Earlstown Station at Newton-le-Willows, about 2km (1.2mi) south of Haydock. Regular trains run to Liverpool (30min), Manchester (25min), London (3hr) and many other destinations.
Further notes on the town of Haydock can be found on the web at: (and Source 1) http://www.yicker.co.uk/haydock.htm - click on Haydock History, and also the Haydock Official Guide, 1953 (and Source 2) http://www.lonelyplanet.com/worldguide/destinations/europe/england/haydock?v=print