Difference between revisions of "Denmark"

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Revision as of 12:29, 23 September 2007

Denmark is a part of the Kingdom of Denmark, which also consists of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The name of the country in Danish is "Danmark".

Denmark is situated about 54 - 58 degrees North, and 8 - 15 degrees East. Denmark has an area of about 43.069 km2 and 5,5 mill inhabitants (2007). The main language is Danish.

For public adminstration Denmark has 14 counties ("amter") and 275 communes ("kommuner"). The counties and communes have numbers, which can be found in Statistic Yearbook from Denmark's Statistics.

Country Code

There are a number of standards giving a country code to Denmark:

ISO 3166 alpha-2 	 	 	 	DK
ISO 3166 alpha-3 	 	 	 	DNK
ISO 3166 numeric 	 	 	 	208
UN Genève 1949:68 Vehicle code 	 	 	DK
CCITT E.163 international telephone prefix	45
CCITT X.121 X.25 numbering country code	 	238
ISO 2108 ISBN book numbering 	 	 	87

The Alpha-2 code "DK" of ISO 3166 is for general use, and is use generally by the public as the abbreviation for Denmark.

Internet availability

High-speed Internet is very common in Denmark. Internet users account to approximately 3,762,500 which equals an internet penetration of about 69% according to Internet World Stats


The name of the Danish language in Danish is "dansk". Danish is spoken by around 6 million people and is the mothertongue for 97% of the population in Denmark. The language is also used by the 50,000 Danes in the northern parts of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, where it holds the status of minority language. Danish also holds official status and is a mandatory subject in school in the Danish territories of Greenland and the Faroe Islands, which now enjoy limited autonomy. In Iceland and Faroe Islands, Danish is, alongside English, a compulsory foreign language taught in schools (although it may be substituted by Swedish or Norwegian). In North and South America there are Danish language communities in Argentina, the USA and Canada.

The language code according to ISO 639 for the Danish language is "da".

Other Languages

Denmark is one of the countries with the highest percentage of multilingual population in the world. 66% of danes are able to converse in two other languages than their mothertongue, 30% of danes are able to converse in three other languages than their mothertongue.

The three most widely known foreign languagges are: English 86%, German 58%, French 12%.

English and German are compulsory subject in primary school and in general Danes have good english knowledge thanks to the strong Anglo-American influence and the practice of subtitling rather than dubbing foreign tv shows and movies.

Writing system

The Danish alfabet uses the 26 characters in the basic Latin alphabet with an additional three: æ/Æ, ø/Ø and å/Å. These three letters are not considered to be accents of a and o and are sorted following z in the order æøå.

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz Ææ Øø Åå

The combination of two <a>s is regarded as one <å>, originating from older orthography but still used in many person and place names.

For indicating stress, different pronunciation and long vovels, an accent can be used on all vowels:

Áá Éé Íí Óó Ýý Ǽǽ Ǿǿ Ǻǻ

The following letters of foreign origin is commonly used in Danish newspapers and books, according to examples in "Retskrivningsordbogen":

Ââ Àà Çç Ðð Êê Ëë Èè Ôô Őő Œœ Þþ Üü Ää Öö

The recommended character set is DS/ISO 8859-1; for a bigger repertoire DS/ISO/IEC 10646-1 is recommended.


Alphanumeric deterministic ordering.

Normal <a> to <z> ordering is used on the Latin script, except for the following letters: The letters <æ> <ø> <å> are ordered as 3 separate letters after <z>. <ü> is ordered as <y>, <ä> as <æ>, <ö> as <ø>, <ð> as <d>, <þ> as <t><h>, French <œ> as <o><e>. Two <a>s are ordered as <å>, except when denoting two sounds (which is normally the case only in combined words). Nonaccented letters come before accented letters, and capital letters come before small letters, when words otherwise compare equally. There is no explicit ordering of accents specified in "Retskrivningsordbogen", and whether case or accents are the most important is not specified.

Numeric formatting

The decimal separator is COMMA <,> [1]

The thousands separator is FULL STOP <.>[2]

The grouping of large numbers is in groups of three digits.[3]

Monetary formatting

The currency is Danish Kroner, in Danish, "danske kroner". The ISO 4217 code is DKK. The native abbreviation is "kr". 1 "krone" is equal to 100 "øre". S

International currency symbol: 	 	DKK 543,21
Domestic currency symbol: 	 	kr 543,21
Use of negative sign:  		 	kr -543,21
Thousands and decimal separators:	kr 9.876.543,21

Telephone numbers

The international telephone prefix for Denmark is +45. There are no area codes; all numbers have 8 digits. The recommended format for telephone numbers is in groups of 2, for example 39 17 99 44.

Personal names rules

Children can get their father's or mother's last name, or any combination of these with or without a hyphen. Also in marriage the bride and the groom may take the other partner's name in any combination.

Personal names are commonly spelt with the full first name, while use of initials only is seen also. People are mostly addressed by voice by their first name. The common address form is the informal "du", and the more formal "De" is becoming more common. The family name is never spelt in capital letters only, contrary to continental European habits. Titles are used in some circumstances.

Postal addresses

The street number is placed after the street name.

Postal codes ("postnumre") are 4 digits and are placed before the city name. The CEPT country prefix should be places in front of the postal code for international mail, this is even commonly done for mail within Denmark. Postal codes are defined in "Post- og Telegrafhåndbogen - Postnummerdelen", obtainable at all postal offices, and may be found also in telephone directory books.

An example of a mail address is:

Danish Standards Association
Att: S142 u22 A8
Kollegievej 6
DK-2920 Charlottenlund

According to CEPT recommendations, one should either use the French name of the country ("Danemark"), or the name in the local language "Danmark".

Storey specification is placed after the street number. The following conventions apply:

English 	Danish 		Danish abbreviation
Ground floor 	stuen 		st
1st floor 	1. etage 	1
basement 	kælderen 	kld
right 		til højre 	th
left 		til venstre 	tv
middle 		midt for 	mf

An example of its use:

Holger Danske
Fremtidsvej 26, 2 tv
DK-2000 Frederiksberg

Date Format

The timezone is UTC+0100 in the winter, UTC+0200 in the summer. The daylight savings period currently (1996) changes by one hour the last Sunday in March at 02:00, and back again by one hour the last Sunday in October at 03:00. This may change in the future. There is no official names for the timezones.

Use of week numbers are very common, and the week numbering is according to DS/ISO 8601.

The first day of the week is Monday, in accordance with DS/ISO 8601.

Date formatting according to DS/ISO 8601, for example 1995-04-13 for 13th of April 1995, is very common in technical business and in legal business, and other areas.

Both weekday and month names are written with an initial lower case letter in Danish (Normal capitalizing rules apply in the beginning of a sentence, etc.).

English name 	Weekday names 	Short weekday names
Sunday 	 	søndag 	 	søn
Monday 	 	mandag 	 	man
Tuesday 	tirsdag 	tir
Wednesday 	onsdag 	 	ons
Thursday 	torsdag 	tor
Friday 	 	fredag 	 	fre
Saturday 	lørdag 	 	lør

Short weekday names consisting of the two first letters are also commonly used.

English name 	Month name 	Short month name
January 	januar 	 	jan
February 	februar 	feb
March 	 	marts 	 	mar
April 	 	april 	 	apr
May 	 	maj 	 	maj
June 	 	juni 	 	jun
July 	 	juli 	 	jul
August 	 	august 	 	aug
September 	september 	sep
October 	oktober 	okt
November 	november 	nov
December 	december 	dec
Long date: 	 	 	07 juni 1994
Abbreviated day and time: 	tir 07 jun 1994 23:22:33 CET DST
long date with weekday: 	onsdag den 21. december 1994
Abbreviated long date:  	07 jun 1994
Numeric date: 	 	 	1994-06-07
Time: 	 	 	 	18:06:20

The 24 hour system is used in Denmark. There are no abbreviations commonly in use for before or after noon.

Units of Measure

Denmark uses the metric system. Height is therefore measured in meters and centtimeters, weight is measured in kilograms and distance is measured in kilometers.

Temperatures are normally measured in degrees Celsius, the Kelvin scale is sometimes used in science.

Man-machine dialogue

Naturally, most Danish users require programs where all menus, names of icons, commands, information messages, help texts, manuals etc. are translated and adjusted to their language and culture.

Programmers and screen layout designers must bear in mind that when English text is translated into Danish - and most other languages - it will normally be longer, i.e. require more space on the screen and occupy more computer memory.

Denmark has its own cultural symbols in some cases and use of non-Danish symbols as icons can create irritation and - if they are not easily recognized - confusion. Example: The typical suburban American mailbox with the raised flag is unusual in Denmark and hence not immediately associated with mail for most users.

Geni Translation

the name 'Geni' means 'Genious' in danish

Geni Logo

Everyone's related	Alle er relaterede

Geni headers

Welcome 		Velkommen
Logout			Log ud
Settings		Indstillinger
Invite			Inviter
Help			Hjælp
search name or email	Søg navn eller email
go			Gå

Geni footers

About			Om
Privacy		Personlige oplysninger
Forum			Forum
Blog			Blog
Press			Presse
Jobs			Jobs
Safety			Sikkerhed
Terms			Vilkår for brug
Help			Hjælp

Geni Tabs Headers

My tree		Mit træ
My Profile		Min Profil
Photos			Billeder
Inbox			Indbakke

Geni SubTabs Headers My tree Mit træ

View as Tree		Se som træ
List			Liste
Index			Indeks
Calendar 		Kalender
Map			Kort
Discussion		Diskussion

Photos Billeder

Recent Albums		Nylige album        
My Albums		Mine album
Albums I'm In		Album jeg er i
Photos of Me		Billeder af mig
My Favorites		Mine favoritter

Inbox Indbakke

Messages		Beskeder
Inbox			Indbakke
Requests		Forespørgsler
Saved			Gemt
Sent			Sendt

My Profile http://www.geni.com/profile/index

This is you		Dette er dig
View your profile as others see it		Se din profil som andre ser den

Edit Profile http://www.geni.com/profile/edit_basics

Basics			Basale oplysninger
My Basics		Mine basale oplysninger
Status 		Status
living			Levende
deceased		Død
name			Navn
first Name		Fornavn
middle Name		Mellemnavn
last name		Efternavn
suffix			Suffiks
Display name		Display navn
Email			e-mail
Current location	Nuværende adresse
Gender			Køn
male			Mand
female			Kvinde
date of birth		Fødselsdato
circa			Cirka
Send Birthday Reminders Send fødselsdags påmindelser
to my family		til min familie
place of birth		Fødselssted
birth order		Fødselsrækkefølge
Death			Død
Burial			Begravelse
Partner		Partner
is a			er en
current spouse		Nuværende ægtefælle
fiance			Forlovede
current partner	Nuværende partner
late spouse		Afdød ægtefælle
Ex-spose		Eks-ægtefælle
divorced		Skilt
Ex-partner		Eks-partner
Married on		Gift
Married in		Gift i
Parents		Forældre
date			Dato
location		Sted	
Country		Land
city			By
state/province		Område
county			Sogn


Contact		Kontakt
My Contact		Mine kontaktoplysninger
On the web		På internettet
Phone Numbers		Telefonnumre
Home Address		Hjemmeadresse
Work Address		Arbejdsadresse
Add another		Tilføj ny


About			Om
About me		Om mig
Hair			Hår
Eyes			Øjne
Hair Color             Hår farve
Black                  Sort
Blond                  Blond
Brown                  Brun
Gray                   Grå
None                   Ingen
Other                  Anden
Red                    Rød
Eye Color              Øjn farve
Blue                   Blå
Brown                  Brun
Gray                   Grå
Green                  Grøn
Hazel                  Nøddebrun
Other                  Anden
Height			Højde
Ethnicity		Etnicitet
Religion		Religion	
Agnostic               Agnostisk
Atheist                Ateist
Baha'i                 Baha'i
Buddhist               Buddhist
Catholic               Katolik
Christian - other      Kristen - anden
Eastern Orthodox       Østlig Ortodoks
Greek Orthodox         Græsk Ortodoks
Hindu                  Hindu
Huguenot               Fransk Protestant
Islam                  Islam
Jain                   Jainisme
Jewish                 Jøde
Mormon                 Mormon
Other                  Anden
Protestant             Protestant
Scientologist          Scientologist
Sikh                   Sikh
Taoist                 Taoisme
Wiccan                 Wicca
Political Views	 Politisk synspunkt	
Conservative           Konservativ
Democratic             Demokratisk
Green Party            ?
Independent            Løsgænger
Indiffrent             ?
Liberal                Liberal
Libertarian            Nyliberalist
Very Conservative      Meget Konservativ
Very Liberal           Meget Liberal
Moderate Conservative  Moderat Konservativ
Moderate Liberal       Moderat Liberal
Other                  Anden
Republican             Republikansk
Languages		Sprog
Nicknames		Kaldenavne


School			Skole
Elementary School       0. - 6. Klasse
Middle School           7. - 9./10. Klasse
High School             Gymnasium/HF/HTX/HHX
College/University      Universitet/Højskole
Graduate Education      ?

Note: The Danish school system is different from the one in the US. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denmark#Education


Work			Arbejde
Occupation		Beskæftigelse
company		Firma


Favorites		Favoritter
Interests		Interesser
Activities		Aktiviteter
People/Heroes		Folk/Helte
Cuisines		Fætre og kusiner
Quotes			Citat
Movies			Film
TV Shows		TV programmer
Music			Musik
Books			Bøger
Sports			Sport

Contact Kontakt

Contact		Kontakt
On the web		På internettet
service		Service
username		Brugernavn
web address		Web adresse
Phone Numbers 		Telefonnumre
area code		Postnummer
phone no		Telefonnummer
Home Address		Hjemmeadresse
Work Address		Arbejdsadresse
street			Gade
city			By
county			Sogn
state			Stat
postal code		Postnummer
save & close		Gem og luk
save & continue	  Gem og fortsæt
or 			Eller
Cancel			Annuller


Build your tree with your address book Lav dit træ med din adressebog
New                    Nyt
(Name)'s tree          (Navn)s træ
Add People             Tilføj mennesker
Go to...               Gå til...
Preferences            Indstillninger
Personal tools