Brazil

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Revision as of 14:11, 15 February 2008 by Rodmguerra (talk | contribs) (Unit System)
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Writing System

From the 26 letters in Latin Alphabet, 23 are the most used in Portuguese. K, W and Y are used only in some words an expressions.

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz

Some words use cedila (Çç), whose sound is similar to s.

For indicating stress, in some words an accent is used on a vowel. The accent whose can be acute(´), indicating the vowel is open, or circumflex (^), inticating the vowel is closed. 'I' and 'U' can not be closed.

Áá Éé Íí Óó Úú
Ââ Êê Ôô

Unit System

Brazil uses the metric system. Height is therefore measured in meters and centtimeters, weight is measured in kilograms and distance is measured in kilometers.

Temperature is an exception, which is usually measured in degrees Celsius, the Kelvin scale is used only in scientific texts. Other exception is speed, which sometimes is measured in hm/h.

Numeric formatting

The decimal separator is COMMA <,>

The thousands separator is FULL STOP <.>

The grouping of large numbers is in groups of three digits.

Personal names

There are no rules. The most common forms are:

  • <Name> <Middle (optional)> <Mother's last name> <Father's last name>
  • <Name> <Middle (optional)> <Some of Mother's surnames (including last)> <Some of Father's surnames (including last)>

In some families with foreign origin, like German, the children get the following form on their names:

  • <Name> <Middle (optional)> <Father's last name>

In marriages the most common is to wife add the husband's last name (or more surnames) to the end of her full name. In some cases wife changes her last name for her husband's. The law allows to husband to add her wife's surnames too, but it is uncommon.

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